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Autohotkey json库

最近在用Autohotkey写一个自动获取某比特币交易网站数据的小工具。该工具实时从交易网站获取最新的某个山寨币的最新市值,由于该交易网站的api接口使用json返回数据,所以我要找一个json的库。

很幸运,强大的Autohotkey早有人提供了这个库。

https://github.com/cocobelgica/AutoHotkey-JSON

不知道是我孤陋寡闻还是啥的,我看了下这个git仓库,居然是大神级别,里面很多Autohotkey的支持库,比如解压缩,mail,高亮编辑器啥的。

咳咳。。。

为了以后好找我就直接复制过来了。

/**    
 * Lib: JSON.ahk    
 *     JSON lib for AutoHotkey.    
 * Version:    
 *     v2.1.3 [updated 04/18/2016 (MM/DD/YYYY)]    
 * License:    
 *     WTFPL [http://wtfpl.net/]    
 * Requirements:    
 *     Latest version of AutoHotkey (v1.1+ or v2.0-a+)    
 * Installation:    
 *     Use #Include JSON.ahk or copy into a function library folder and then    
 *     use #Include <JSON>    
 * Links:    
 *     GitHub:     - https://github.com/cocobelgica/AutoHotkey-JSON    
 *     Forum Topic - http://goo.gl/r0zI8t    
 *     Email:      - cocobelgica <at> gmail <dot> com    
 */    
/**    
 * Class: JSON    
 *     The JSON object contains methods for parsing JSON and converting values    
 *     to JSON. Callable - NO; Instantiable - YES; Subclassable - YES;    
 *     Nestable(via #Include) - NO.    
 * Methods:    
 *     Load() - see relevant documentation before method definition header    
 *     Dump() - see relevant documentation before method definition header    
 */    
class JSON    
{    
	/**    
	 * Method: Load    
	 *     Parses a JSON string into an AHK value    
	 * Syntax:    
	 *     value := JSON.Load( text [, reviver ] )    
	 * Parameter(s):    
	 *     value      [retval] - parsed value    
	 *     text    [in, ByRef] - JSON formatted string    
	 *     reviver   [in, opt] - function object, similar to JavaScript's    
	 *                           JSON.parse() 'reviver' parameter    
	 */    
	class Load extends JSON.Functor    
	{    
		Call(self, ByRef text, reviver:="")    
		{    
			this.rev := IsObject(reviver) ? reviver : false    
		; Object keys(and array indices) are temporarily stored in arrays so that    
		; we can enumerate them in the order they appear in the document/text instead    
		; of alphabetically. Skip if no reviver function is specified.    
			this.keys := this.rev ? {} : false    
			static quot := Chr(34), bashq := "\" . quot    
			, json_value := quot . "{[01234567890-tfn"    
			, json_value_or_array_closing := quot . "{[]01234567890-tfn"    
			, object_key_or_object_closing := quot . "}"    
			key := ""    
			is_key := false    
			root := {}    
			stack := [root]    
			next := json_value    
			pos := 0    
			while ((ch := SubStr(text, ++pos, 1)) != "") {    
				if InStr(" `t`r`n", ch)    
					continue    
				if !InStr(next, ch, 1)    
					this.ParseError(next, text, pos)    
				holder := stack[1]    
				is_array := holder.IsArray    
				if InStr(",:", ch) {    
					next := (is_key := !is_array && ch == ",") ? quot : json_value    
				} else if InStr("}]", ch) {    
					ObjRemoveAt(stack, 1)    
					next := stack[1]==root ? "" : stack[1].IsArray ? ",]" : ",}"    
				} else {    
					if InStr("{[", ch) {    
					; Check if Array() is overridden and if its return value has    
					; the 'IsArray' property. If so, Array() will be called normally,    
					; otherwise, use a custom base object for arrays    
						static json_array := Func("Array").IsBuiltIn || ![].IsArray ? {IsArray: true} : 0    
					; sacrifice readability for minor(actually negligible) performance gain    
						(ch == "{")    
							? ( is_key := true    
							, value := {}    
							, next := object_key_or_object_closing )    
						; ch == "["    
							: ( value := json_array ? new json_array : []    
							, next := json_value_or_array_closing )    
						ObjInsertAt(stack, 1, value)    
						if (this.keys)    
							this.keys[value] := []    
					} else {    
						if (ch == quot) {    
							i := pos    
							while (i := InStr(text, quot,, i+1)) {    
								value := StrReplace(SubStr(text, pos+1, i-pos-1), "\\", "\u005c")    
								static tail := A_AhkVersion<"2" ? 0 : -1    
								if (SubStr(value, tail) != "\")    
									break    
							}    
							if (!i)    
								this.ParseError("'", text, pos)    
							value := StrReplace(value,  "\/",  "/")    
							, value := StrReplace(value, bashq, quot)    
							, value := StrReplace(value,  "\b", "`b")    
							, value := StrReplace(value,  "\f", "`f")    
							, value := StrReplace(value,  "\n", "`n")    
							, value := StrReplace(value,  "\r", "`r")    
							, value := StrReplace(value,  "\t", "`t")    
							pos := i ; update pos    
							i := 0    
							while (i := InStr(value, "\",, i+1)) {    
								if !(SubStr(value, i+1, 1) == "u")    
									this.ParseError("\", text, pos - StrLen(SubStr(value, i+1)))    
								uffff := Abs("0x" . SubStr(value, i+2, 4))    
								if (A_IsUnicode || uffff < 0x100)    
									value := SubStr(value, 1, i-1) . Chr(uffff) . SubStr(value, i+6)    
							}    
							if (is_key) {    
								key := value, next := ":"    
								continue    
							}    
						} else {    
							value := SubStr(text, pos, i := RegExMatch(text, "[\]\},\s]|$",, pos)-pos)    
							static number := "number", integer :="integer"    
							if value is %number%    
							{    
								if value is %integer%    
									value += 0    
							}    
							else if (value == "true" || value == "false")    
								value := %value% + 0    
							else if (value == "null")    
								value := ""    
							else    
							; we can do more here to pinpoint the actual culprit    
							; but that's just too much extra work.    
								this.ParseError(next, text, pos, i)    
							pos += i-1    
						}    
						next := holder==root ? "" : is_array ? ",]" : ",}"    
					} ; If InStr("{[", ch) { ... } else    
					is_array? key := ObjPush(holder, value) : holder[key] := value    
					if (this.keys && this.keys.HasKey(holder))    
						this.keys[holder].Push(key)    
				}    
			} ; while ( ... )    
			return this.rev ? this.Walk(root, "") : root[""]    
		}    
		ParseError(expect, ByRef text, pos, len:=1)    
		{    
			static quot := Chr(34), qurly := quot . "}"    
			line := StrSplit(SubStr(text, 1, pos), "`n", "`r").Length()    
			col := pos - InStr(text, "`n",, -(StrLen(text)-pos+1))    
			msg := Format("{1}`n`nLine:`t{2}`nCol:`t{3}`nChar:`t{4}"    
			,     (expect == "")     ? "Extra data"    
			: (expect == "'")    ? "Unterminated string starting at"    
			: (expect == "\")    ? "Invalid \escape"    
			: (expect == ":")    ? "Expecting ':' delimiter"    
			: (expect == quot)   ? "Expecting object key enclosed in double quotes"    
			: (expect == qurly)  ? "Expecting object key enclosed in double quotes or object closing '}'"    
			: (expect == ",}")   ? "Expecting ',' delimiter or object closing '}'"    
			: (expect == ",]")   ? "Expecting ',' delimiter or array closing ']'"    
			: InStr(expect, "]") ? "Expecting JSON value or array closing ']'"    
			:                      "Expecting JSON value(string, number, true, false, null, object or array)"    
			, line, col, pos)    
			static offset := A_AhkVersion<"2" ? -3 : -4    
			throw Exception(msg, offset, SubStr(text, pos, len))    
		}    
		Walk(holder, key)    
		{    
			value := holder[key]    
			if IsObject(value) {    
				for i, k in this.keys[value] {    
					; check if ObjHasKey(value, k) ??    
					v := this.Walk(value, k)    
					if (v != JSON.Undefined)    
						value[k] := v    
					else    
						ObjDelete(value, k)    
				}    
			}    
			return this.rev.Call(holder, key, value)    
		}    
	}    
	/**    
	 * Method: Dump    
	 *     Converts an AHK value into a JSON string    
	 * Syntax:    
	 *     str := JSON.Dump( value [, replacer, space ] )    
	 * Parameter(s):    
	 *     str        [retval] - JSON representation of an AHK value    
	 *     value          [in] - any value(object, string, number)    
	 *     replacer  [in, opt] - function object, similar to JavaScript's    
	 *                           JSON.stringify() 'replacer' parameter    
	 *     space     [in, opt] - similar to JavaScript's JSON.stringify()    
	 *                           'space' parameter    
	 */    
	class Dump extends JSON.Functor    
	{    
		Call(self, value, replacer:="", space:="")    
		{    
			this.rep := IsObject(replacer) ? replacer : ""    
			this.gap := ""    
			if (space) {    
				static integer := "integer"    
				if space is %integer%    
					Loop, % ((n := Abs(space))>10 ? 10 : n)    
						this.gap .= " "    
				else    
					this.gap := SubStr(space, 1, 10)    
				this.indent := "`n"    
			}    
			return this.Str({"": value}, "")    
		}    
		Str(holder, key)    
		{    
			value := holder[key]    
			if (this.
rep)    
				value := this.rep.Call(holder, key, ObjHasKey(holder, key) ? value : JSON.Undefined)    
			if IsObject(value) {    
			; Check object type, skip serialization for other object types such as    
			; ComObject, Func, BoundFunc, FileObject, RegExMatchObject, Property, etc.    
				static type := A_AhkVersion<"2" ? "" : Func("Type")    
				if (type ? type.Call(value) == "Object" : ObjGetCapacity(value) != "") {    
					if (this.gap) {    
						stepback := this.indent    
						this.indent .= this.gap    
					}    
					is_array := value.IsArray    
				; Array() is not overridden, rollback to old method of    
				; identifying array-like objects. Due to the use of a for-loop    
				; sparse arrays such as '[1,,3]' are detected as objects({}).     
					if (!is_array) {    
						for i in value    
							is_array := i == A_Index    
						until !is_array    
					}    
					str := ""    
					if (is_array) {    
						Loop, % value.Length() {    
							if (this.gap)    
								str .= this.indent    
							v := this.Str(value, A_Index)    
							str .= (v != "") ? v . "," : "null,"    
						}    
					} else {    
						colon := this.gap ? ": " : ":"    
						for k in value {    
							v := this.Str(value, k)    
							if (v != "") {    
								if (this.gap)    
									str .= this.indent    
								str .= this.Quote(k) . colon . v . ","    
							}    
						}    
					}    
					if (str != "") {    
						str := RTrim(str, ",")    
						if (this.gap)    
							str .= stepback    
					}    
					if (this.gap)    
						this.indent := stepback    
					return is_array ? "[" . str . "]" : "{" . str . "}"    
				}    
			} else ; is_number ? value : "value"    
				return ObjGetCapacity([value], 1)=="" ? value : this.Quote(value)    
		}    
		Quote(string)    
		{    
			static quot := Chr(34), bashq := "\" . quot    
			if (string != "") {    
				string := StrReplace(string,  "\",  "\\")    
				; , string := StrReplace(string,  "/",  "\/") ; optional in ECMAScript    
				, string := StrReplace(string, quot, bashq)    
				, string := StrReplace(string, "`b",  "\b")    
				, string := StrReplace(string, "`f",  "\f")    
				, string := StrReplace(string, "`n",  "\n")    
				, string := StrReplace(string, "`r",  "\r")    
				, string := StrReplace(string, "`t",  "\t")    
				static rx_escapable := A_AhkVersion<"2" ? "O)[^\x20-\x7e]" : "[^\x20-\x7e]"    
				while RegExMatch(string, rx_escapable, m)    
					string := StrReplace(string, m.Value, Format("\u{1:04x}", Ord(m.Value)))    
			}    
			return quot . string . quot    
		}    
	}    
	/**    
	 * Property: Undefined    
	 *     Proxy for 'undefined' type    
	 * Syntax:    
	 *     undefined := JSON.Undefined    
	 * Remarks:    
	 *     For use with reviver and replacer functions since AutoHotkey does not    
	 *     have an 'undefined' type. Returning blank("") or 0 won't work since these    
	 *     can't be distnguished from actual JSON values. This leaves us with objects.    
	 *     Replacer() - the caller may return a non-serializable AHK objects such as    
	 *     ComObject, Func, BoundFunc, FileObject, RegExMatchObject, and Property to    
	 *     mimic the behavior of returning 'undefined' in JavaScript but for the sake    
	 *     of code readability and convenience, it's better to do 'return JSON.Undefined'.    
	 *     Internally, the property returns a ComObject with the variant type of VT_EMPTY.    
	 */    
	Undefined[]    
	{    
		get {    
			static empty := {}, vt_empty := ComObject(0, &empty, 1)    
			return vt_empty    
		}    
	}    
	class Functor    
	{    
		__Call(method, ByRef arg, args*)    
		{    
		; When casting to Call(), use a new instance of the "function object"    
		; so as to avoid directly storing the properties(used across sub-methods)    
		; into the "function object" itself.    
			if IsObject(method)    
				return (new this).Call(method, arg, args*)    
			else if (method == "")    
				return (new this).Call(arg, args*)    
		}    
	}    
}

然后官方还有一段示例:

#Include %A_LineFile%\..\JSON.ahk    
json_str =    
(    
{    
	"str": "Hello World",    
	"num": 12345,    
	"float": 123.5,    
	"true": true,    
	"false": false,    
	"null": null,    
	"array": [    
		"Auto",    
		"Hot",    
		"key"    
	],    
	"object": {    
		"A": "Auto",    
		"H": "Hot",    
		"K": "key"    
	}    
}    
)    
parsed := JSON.Load(json_str)    
parsed_out := Format("    
(Join`r`n    
String: {}    
Number: {}    
Float:  {}    
true:   {}    
false:  {}    
null:   {}    
array:  [{}, {}, {}]    
object: {{}A:""{}"", H:""{}"", K:""{}""{}}    
)"    
, parsed.str, parsed.num, parsed.float, parsed.true, parsed.false, parsed.null    
, parsed.array[1], parsed.array[2], parsed.array[3]    
, parsed.object.A, parsed.object.H, parsed.object.K)    
stringified := JSON.Dump(parsed,, 4)    
stringified := StrReplace(stringified, "`n", "`r`n") ; for display purposes only    
ListVars    
WinWaitActive ahk_class AutoHotkey    
ControlSetText Edit1, [PARSED]`r`n%parsed_out%`r`n`r`n[STRINGIFIED]`r`n%stringified%    
WinWaitClose    
return
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